There are many complicated fixes available when you are suffering from persistent skin issues, such as dark spots on the face. To achieve a glowing complexion, pay attention to what the experts have to say. This is the most common trigger of blemishes: whether you’re looking to skip SPF again or find out which skincare ingredients make your spots worse, here’s all you need to know
Let’s start with the most important question first. Why does this color occur on the face?
Yavana Aesthetics Clinic founder Dr. Madhuri Agarwal says dark spots occur when melanin accumulates excessively on the face. In response to inflammation, the skin produces excess melanin. This melanin can settle in uneven patches over different areas of the face, creating the appearance of an island of dark spots that range in color from light brown to dark brown.” In addition to the more commonly known causes, including overexposure to the sun, aging, acne, and hormone imbalances, vitamin deficiencies and certain medications serve as triggers for those marks.
Utilizing chemical exfoliators in order to enable brightening agents to work more effectively.
Since melanin acts as your skin’s natural sunscreen, prolonged exposure to the sun’s rays will send the production of melanin into overdrive, resulting in enlarged spots. Not too surprising then, a solution to dealing with excessive sun exposure is applying a broad spectrum sunscreen every day. Dr. Sullivan points out that vitamins C and E are great antioxidants to slow the effects of sun damage and chemical exfolances such as glycolic acid, lactic acid, and mandelic acid to reduce the build up of dead skin cells to help facilitate the delivery of agents that promote a healthier complexion.
Weighing in on beauty products by saying no to hydroquinone and fairness creams.
Though effective against dark spots, the Mumbai-based dermatologist advised against the usage of hydroquinone due to the potential for side effects. So you should avoid doing physical exfoliation, because it will make inflammation worse and so dark spots may persist, she elaborates. Furthermore, avoid steroid- and mercury-containing fairness creams that will have a bad effect on your skin and produce no long-term change. Some of her other caveats are home remedies, as lemons and baking soda are frequently seen in dark spot remedies.
Dr Agarwal recommends consulting a dermatologist in order to get the correct diagnosis as some dark spots may require oral medication, while others may require in-clinic treatments such as peels and lasers. “Please note that fading dark spots takes time and patience, and may require multi-pronged care. Instead, adopt a good skincare routine and wear sunscreen even indoors to prevent dark spots,” she concludes.